What is sclerotherapy and what are their effects on health?


Sclerotherapy is a treatment that consists of the elimination of spider veins and certain types of varicose veins problems using substances that are injected directly into them, which cause damage to the walls of these vessels, turning them into fibrous cords (a process called sclerosis) and therefore, obliterates these varicose veins.

laser treatment for varicose veins

The blood circulating in these varicose veins is then transferred to the healthy veins, thus eliminating both the visibility of these varicose veins and their symptoms.

What compounds are used in varicose sclerotherapy?

The most commonly used compounds are of three types: detergents, osmotic and chemical. The detergent compounds, despite their name, have a specific functioning that opens the vein and allows its inflammation and subsequent disappearance. They are the most used and effective for spider vein disease.

On the other hand, the osmotic agents provoke the dehydration of the area, thus achieving the destruction of the vein, and the chemical agents   injure the cells of the walls of the veins to achieve the desired effect. Spider vein removal before and after results will be quite effective.

Any of these three agents, which cover different classes, can be used by your doctor in the application of the treatment. If you have doubts, you can ask about the effects that these compounds can have on the treatment and the subsequent periods.

What is the sclerotherapy process?

This spider vein therapy is only done by a medical specialist, which has the appropriate chemicals to induce the process of sclerosis, explained above, in your varicose and varicose veins.

Your doctor will first make a comprehensive evaluation and determine if you need this varicose vein therapy. The sclerotherapy indications are:

  • Spider veins or reticular varices.
  • Mild to moderate varicose veins in your legs, thighs or pelvis.
  • Recurrent varicose veins, that is, you have previously received sclerotherapy and your varicose veins have reoccurred.
  • Varicose veins associated with ulcers.

Your doctor will initially offer non-invasive treatments for varicose vein disease, such as changing your lifestyle, wearing compression stockings or certain medicines. However, if you want a faster and more definitive treatment or conventional treatments have not worked for you and you still have spider veins symptoms, this could be an option for you.

However, you should bear in mind that there are some contraindications, that is, that this procedure is prohibited in the following situations, given the high risk of developing complications:

  • If you have had an allergic reaction to the chemical previously.
  • If you developed thrombi in your varicose veins or lungs, that is, you have deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary thromboembolism.
  • If the chemical is injected into the skin, it is infected.
  • If you are immobilized or confined to bed permanently.
  • If you are pregnant or nursing.

Normally the procedure for varicose veins on legs is performed in the office of your specialist doctor, and does not require any kind of general anaesthesia or prior preparation. Your doctor may tell you to avoid applying creams or oils in the area on the day of the procedure.

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Varicose veins in the legs: how do we eliminate them?

One of the aesthetic problems that can be found in the most common legs are varicose veins or spider veins, but attack women with a greater proportion than men, which is why apart from being unsightly, they can cause vascular problems, circulation in the person who suffers.


What are varicose veins?

Vein disease is inflamed veins that can be seen twisted and bulging in the skin usually found usually in the calf or in the inner area of the leg. They can be of different colours ranging from blue tones to dark purple.

Varicose veins appear as a manifestation due to chronic venous insufficiency, which affects the circulation. These if they are large and very bulky, may present pain, cramps and heaviness of legs that make them very uncomfortable for the person who suffers.

Varicose veins have a hereditary genetic factor, obesity also influences their appearance, having passed through a pregnancy, not performing physical activities and therefore not activating circulation, spending many hours sitting or standing…

What causes varicose veins in the legs?

We can say that varicose veins are veins that exceed 5mm in size, which are found in the superficial venous system, that is, they are closer to the skin, and that is why they become visible.

The smaller varicose veins are the spider veins that occur in the capillaries.

In the legs the blood circulates in the opposite direction to the force of gravity, that is why the veins have valves of one direction that cause the blood to flow in a downward direction.

If these valves become weak and stop working, the blood circulates with anomaly and creates areas of reflux, which is why reflux increases and produces a deformation that causes the veins to dilate, and these are called varicose veins.

Varicose veins: what symptoms do they present?

The most common symptoms that varicose patients present are:

  • Pain in the legs, they are heavy.
  • The defective veins change colour with a blue or purple colour.
  • Sometimes swollen feet and ankles are noticed.
  • Itching or discomfort may appear on the legs.
  • Cramps may be felt in the legs and in the area where varicose veins or spider veins appear.

How are varicose veins diagnosed?

For the diagnosis of varicose veins, you should go to the vein specialist so you can perform a medical examination at center for vein restoration. The most common diagnosis is through a Doppler ultrasound, which will help visualize the functioning of the veins and you can see the valvular competence, in addition it is a non-invasive test at American vein center so it does not cause any pain to the patient.

How do we treat varicose veins in the legs?

At laser and vein center one can get the vein treatment. In addition, thanks to this treatment at vein laser clinic, the patient will be able to leave the vein clinic by his / her own feet and carry out his / her life with total normality, if need to be at rest, be admitted or request a sick leave.

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